Application of zinc oxide in medicine
First zinc oxide mentions are found in an ancient Indian medical work called "Charaka Samhita." In addition, the use of zinc oxide for medical purposes is described by Greek physician Dioscorides. 
Today, zinc oxide excipient finds a diverse application in both pharmacology and production sector.
Zinc oxide is an inorganic compound that is present in the earth's crust in the form of a mineral known as zincite. However, in order to satisfy most of the commercial demand for zinc oxide excipient, it is also synthesized artificially. The chemical formula of zinc oxide is ZnO. It is a white, powdery substance that does not dissolve in water and alcohol, but dissolves in most acids, including hydrochloric acid (HCl).

Zinc oxide may have a slightly yellowish or pinkish color due to the presence of manganese and other impurities in it. It is known that zinc oxide excipient reacts strongly with aluminum and magnesium powder. Another interesting property of this inorganic compound is that it is capable of absorbing ultraviolet radiation. In addition, zinc oxide is known for its properties such as high thermal conductivity and the ability to exert an antibacterial effect.

Application of zinc oxide in medicine

Now, let us zero in on the application of zinc oxide in the medical industry.
Zinc oxide has antibacterial properties, and in connection with this, it is widely used in the treatment of a number of skin diseases. It is used as an external agent for reducing skin irritation and treating light burns and cuts. In addition, this substance can be used as a remedy against dry and horny skin.

Zinc oxide is the most widely used product for the treatment and prevention of diaper rash. It essentially forms a protective barrier between the skin and the diaper, thus preventing any rashes.
Due to the medicinal properties of zinc oxide, it is added to baby powders, dandruff shampoos, antiseptic creams and surgical tapes. Together with iron oxide, this compound is used to create lotions against sunburns.

Zinc oxide is mixed with eugenol and then it is used in dentistry for prosthetics and tooth restoration.
The ability to eliminate itching and skin irritation makes zinc oxide an important ingredient in a variety of rectal suppositories that are used to relieve irritation and discomfort when faced with hemorrhoids.

Lastly, it is worth mentioning the fact that zinc oxide serves as a source of mineral zinc nutrient, which is required for a wide range of reactions in the body. Therefore, it is added to food or vitamin supplements. As a food additive, zinc oxide can also be contained in breakfast cereals enriched with vitamins and minerals. Due to the presence of fungistatic properties it is used in the production of packaging material for meat, fish and vegetables.

In conclusion, we hope that this article has been of use to you and you have learned quite a few things about zinc oxide itself as well as about its application in the medical sphere.


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